Federal fair housing law consists of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968,
otherwise known as the Fair Housing Act. As of 1988, the Act provides that no protected class can be discriminated against in the sale, rental, or financing of residential dwellings. Federal law also states that all U.S. citizens have the same rights to “inherit, purchase, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property.” The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted the Fair Housing Act to cover private real estate transactions.

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